Salesforce SOQL vs SOSL: All their differences

In Salesforce, two types of queries exist: SOQL(Salesforce Object Query Language) and SOSL (Salesforce Object Search Language). Both are used to query data in Salesforce, but in two different ways.

In this article, we'll explore what they are, their difference, use cases, and examples.

SOQL vs SOSL in Salesforce, all their differences

Differences Between SOQL and SOSL

Definition and Purpose

SOQL: Salesforce Object Query Language is designed for querying Salesforce data in a structured way. It allows you to retrieve specific records from one object or related objects.

SOSL: Salesforce Object Search Language is designed for full-text searches across multiple objects. It enables you to find records containing specific keywords.

Syntax and Clauses

SOQL: SOQL queries follow a structured syntax similar to SQL. You specify the object to query, fields to retrieve, filtering conditions, and sorting criteria using WHERE, ORDER BY, and LIMIT clauses.

SELECT Name, Phone FROM Account WHERE Industry = 'Finance' ORDER BY CreatedDate LIMIT 1

SOSL: SOSL queries have a distinctive syntax optimized for full-text searches. You can search across multiple objects and retrieve results organized by relevance.

To search for the text, use the keyword FIND with ORDER BY and LIMIT as sorting criteria similar to SOQL.

The syntax differs depending on whether you use Apex code or the Developer Console.

Limitations and Performance Considerations

SOQL: SOQL is optimized for retrieving specific records but may not be efficient for text searches.

SOSL: SOSL offers powerful text search capabilities but has specific limitations and performance considerations.

Use Cases and Examples


Queries Use Cases

Scenarios where SOQL is more suitable:
  1. Retrieving specific records based on known criteria.

  2. Fetching related records from a single object.

  3. Aggregating data using functions like SUM or AVG.

Scenarios where SOSL is more suitable:
  1. Conducting full-text searches across multiple objects.

  2. Finding records related to a keyword or phrase.

  3. Quickly locating relevant data in an extensive database.

SOQL vs SOSL in Salesforce, all their differences