Mastering the Salesforce CLI

Salesforce CLI, the powerful tool that can revolutionize the way you manage and develop on the Salesforce platform.

In this article, we will cover the basics of Salesforce CLI, its functionalities, advantages, and how it differs from other related tools like Salesforce DX (SFDX).

Salesforce CLI

What is Salesforce CLI?

Salesforce CLI stands for Salesforce Command Line Interface. It is a robust set of command-line tools provided by Salesforce that allows developers and administrators to interact with and manage various Salesforce resources directly from the terminal or command prompt.

This tool simplifies and accelerates common tasks, such as deploying and retrieving metadata, creating and managing Salesforce resources, and running Apex code.

Salesforce CLI is entirely free to use. It's available to all Salesforce developers and administrators, and there are no additional costs associated with its use.

The Benefits of Using the Salesforce CLI

Salesforce CLI Commands

SFDX CLI operates using a series of commands issued from the terminal, most commonly the terminal of Visual Studio Code in your project folder. Users simply type commands and pass in parameters to perform specific actions. The CLI then interacts with the Salesforce API to execute those actions, retrieving data or deploying metadata as needed.

Here are the most common commands on CLI:

Retrieve Metadata:

This command allows users to retrieve metadata components from a Salesforce org and pull them into their local project. Users can specify the metadata components they want to retrieve, such as Apex classes, Visualforce pages, Lightning components, and more.

Command: sfdx force:source:retrieve

In this example, you can use the Salesforce CLI to retrieve an Apex class and the entire Account object (fields, layouts, list views, etc.) from your org into your local project folder in XML format.

sfdx force:source:retrieve -m ApexClass:MyApexClass,CustomObject:Account

Deploy Metadata:

This command is used to deploy metadata components from the local project to a Salesforce org. Users can specify the metadata components they want to deploy and the target org where the changes should be deployed.

Command: sfdx force:source:deploy

On this example, we deploy an Apex class called MyApexClass. As you can see, you need to specify the path to the Apex class in your local project folder.

sfdx force:source:deploy -p force-app/main/default/classes/MyApexClass.cls

Create Apex Class:

This command allows users to create new Apex classes in their local project folder. Users can specify the name of the class and the folder where it should be created.

Command: sfdx force:apex:class:create

This example creates a new Apex class file named "MyNewApexClass" in the "force-app/main/default/classes" directory of the local project.

sfdx force:apex:class:create -n MyNewApexClass -d force-app/main/default/classes

Please note that these are just a few examples of the numerous Salesforce CLI commands available. The Salesforce CLI offers a wide range of commands to help users interact with and manage their Salesforce org efficiently.

CLI Language

CLI Salesforce is built using Node.js and is implemented in TypeScript, which is a superset of JavaScript. However, you don't need to be an expert in these languages to use Salesforce CLI effectively.

Salesforce CLI vs. SFDX: What's the Difference?

Salesforce CLI and Salesforce DX are related, but they serve different purposes.

Salesforce CLI provides a broad set of commands for various Salesforce tasks, while Salesforce DX extends that functionality with modern development practices, scratch orgs, and source-driven development capabilities.

By utilizing both tools in conjunction, you can streamline their development workflow and build high-quality Salesforce applications more efficiently.

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